Mucosal ulceration and inflammation can arise as a result of several different conditions. A diagnosis must be established because the majority of lesions require specific therapy in addition to topical symptomatic therapy. Such specific therapy usually involves specialist care.
Temporary relief using topical, symptomatic therapy involves simple mouthwashes, antimicrobial mouthwashes, local analgesics or topical corticosteroids.
Review the patient to assess the status of ulcers. If ulcers remain unresponsive to treatment, refer the patient to a specialist. Any ulcer that persists for more than three weeks must be referred for biopsy.